Rouhani: NAM can found new pole of power in future's multipolar world
Iranian President addressing NAM Summit in Baku, Azerbaijan

Baku, Oct 25, IRNA -- Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said that blessed with a big population and vast area of land and territory as well as votes in international organisations, the Non-Aligned Movement can found a new pole of power in the multipolar world of future.

Addressing  the 18th Summit of Heads of State and Governments of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in Baku, President Rouhani said that for this to happen "we need to understand the new realities of the region and the world and utilize new tools and facilities of the world today."

The Iranian president appreciated the efforts by Azeri President Ilham Aliyev, and said, "With the collapse of the bipolar system in international arena, the United States tried to impose on the world a unipolar and hegemonic order under the slogan of the new global system with reliance on its military, economic and media power.

President Rouhani added that in the opposite front, the Non-Aligned Movement demonstrated its determination to withstand unilateralism in international system.  And the main tools in the hands of the US to impose unilateralism turned actually against it. In the area of economy, the expansion of free global trade in practice prepared the grounds for the growth of the developing world and the rise of new economic and technological powers thus seriously challenging the US hegemony in economy and technology.

President Rouhani said in the area of military and in order to impose its domination, the US staged extensive and destructive wars in various regions of the world and especially in West Asia and inflicted hundreds of thousands of casualties and thousands of billions of dollars in damages on the nations of the region, these wars fueled the blaze of sectarianism, extremism and terrorism in the region and the world, which will not leave people free for tens of years to come.

Notwithstanding, the failure of aggressors in realizing their goals in the occupied countries caused the breakdown of the military and political hegemony of the United States in the international arena and  boosted the self-confidence of independent states to pursue their rights and interests, Rouhani said in his speech in the XVIII Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM).

He mentioned in his speech that during these times, the Americans’ discontent has been provoked with the sacrifice of thousands of their youth and misappropriation of thousands of billions of dollars of public resources in unfruitful wars as well as the waste of hundreds of thousands of jobs and spread of inequalities and poverty as the result of the wave of the globalization of economy. The drastic reduction in public confidence in the US political establishment, parties and ruling elite has finally resulted in the emergence of people in politics whose policies have marked the beginning of the end of US hegemony and unilateralism.

***NAM Movement

President Rouhani further said this summit is convened under circumstances in which the world is rapidly transiting to multilateralism,  In such complex period, violence and confrontation in various regions are on the rise. National sovereignty of independent countries are being violated in various forms.

He said:inclination towards military polarization, arms race, intensification of wars and conflicts as well as sectarian and regional divergence is increasing; So are law evading and violation of international commitments and interference in the domestic affairs of independent countries. Today the US is employing oppressive economic tools in order to impose its illegitimate political goals on independent nations out of desperation in such outrageous and arrogant ways considered to be economic terrorism.

Under such turbulent conditions, the Non-Aligned Movement, as a set of countries representing more than two thirds of the UN member states, can be the pioneer on behalf of its members and the human society in finding solutions for the current global problems and within the framework of law abiding, fulfillment of international commitments, moderation and prevention of violence and extremism.

The Islamic Republic of Iran, understanding the risks of terrorist and extremist groups, presented in the sixty eighth General Assembly of the United Nations a proposal under the title of the World Against Violence and Extremism (WAVE), which resulted in the subsequent adoption of two General Assembly resolutions in 2013 and 2015 and was noted with great attention in the Seventeenth NAM summit in Venezuela. Under such circumstances, independent countries require more exchange of views, synergy and coordination in order to safeguard their interests. Here, the Non-Aligned Movement, thanks to its valuable history and experience, can play an effective role in securing the interests of its members proportionate with the requirements of the new world.

President Rouhani added in his speech that  we are witnessing regional conflicts in places such as Palestine, Yemen, Syria and Afghanistan. The only way out of these crises passes through respect to the rights of nations to self-determination, commitment to non-interference in internal affairs of the others, strengthened regional cooperation for guaranteeing peace, stability and counter terrorism and establishment of proper grounds for engagement and dialogue. Such a framework is the best solution to end regional conflicts and we have been vanguard. On Syria, the participation of Iran, Russia and Turkey in the Astana format has brought peace and stability in major parts of that country while helping millions of refugees to return their homes.

On other standing issues in West Asia, we welcome any initiative based on dialogue, negotiation and mutual respect. And we have been pioneer. Last month, I unveiled in the General Assembly of the United Nations the HOPE initiative, which stands for the Hormuz Peace Endeavor.

*** The HOPE coalition

Rouhani said that the HOPE coalition aims to enhance peace, stability, progress, mutual understanding and peaceful and friendly relations among all the countries located in the Persian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz as well as avoidance of intervention and intimidation.

This plan includes various avenues for cooperation in guaranteeing energy transfer security and freedom of navigation in the Strait of Hormuz and beyond with the participation of all the countries of the region. We believe that stability and security of our neighbors are tied to our own stability and security. And regional security and development are attainable only through cooperation and collective participation of neighbors.

America’s domination over the international monetary system has encouraged the United States in the past several decades and particularly in recent years to misuse dollar regularly to put political pressure on independent states most of which  NAM members and enforce various sanctions and limit access to international monetary systems. Such measures are in direct conflict with the legitimate freedom and rights of independent nations and the Non-Aligned Movement can take important steps to neutralize the impact of such tools.

This can take place with international commitment to the requirements of economic sustainability, expansion of trade ties on the basis of bilateral and multilateral monetary treaties, employment of independent and alternative initiatives on banking services and increased use of crypto-currencies. Of course, all of this should be accomplished in line with upholding international anti-money-laundering and terrorism financing rules. Many NAM member states including Iran have placed this important issue on their agenda.

Rouhani said that one of the other threats to the security and independence of free nations in the world today is the insecurity of cyberspace and illegitimate use of social networks and macro data for influencing global public opinion especially in politics. The security of the cyberspace and integrity of social networks are prerequisites for freedom and prosperity of independent nations in the 21st century. Our movement can be at the forefront of taking a coherent strategy and devising an international agreement on cyber security and help reduce the vulnerability of independent nations against cyber attacks and misuse of virtual space.

President Rouhani in the last part of his speech added, "I believe that the Non-Aligned Movement blessed with a big population and vast area of land and territory as well as votes in international organizations can found a new pole of power in the multipolar world of future. For this to happen, we need to understand the new realities of the region and the world and utilize new tools and facilities of the world today  and The Islamic Republic of Iran like in the past would spare no efforts for the further success of the Non-Aligned Movement and its sublime goals."


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