Jul 16, 2021, 9:51 AM
Journalist ID: 1843
News Code: 84405467
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Is Russian collective security initiative for Persian Gulf applicable?

Moscow, IRNA - Russia has started upgrading its proposed collective security initiative for the Persian Gulf region in order to promote regional collaborations instead of relying on foreign players.

Moscow hopes that littoral states of the Persian Gulf support the 2019 security initiative, which includes negotiations between the Islamic Republic of Iran and other littoral states of the Persian Gulf.

The Russian officials believe that the idea of creating a collective security mechanism can play a key role in consolidating political and diplomatic relationships in the region.

According to the Russian authorities, the long-term program helps normalize the situation, strengthen security and stability, define crucial instructions for possible crises in the future and also implement relevant tasks. The initiative was first proposed by Moscow at the end of 1990 and then revised in 2004 and 2007.

Russia believes that following the current negotiations to restore the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, the opportunity for kicking off the collective security initiative is ripe now.

Sergei Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister, has said that "given the recent developments, we are working on a reinvigorated version of the Persian Gulf Security Initiative and prepare ourselves to submit it to enthusiastic sides."
****First step in Persian Gulf Security Initiative
Russia handed over a letter to the UN Security Council on July 30, 2019, proposing the plan for protecting the security of the region.

The letter insists on the need for setting up a collective security system in the Persian Gulf, which envisages the participation of regional states and certain foreign countries.

The initiative underlines that protecting the security of the Persian Gulf region is of utmost importance in today's world and that recent military and political developments in the West Asia region, as well as North Africa, have caused the spread of terrorist threats in these parts of the globe, where there are abundant hydrocarbon reservoirs.

Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia's permanent representative to international organizations in Vienna, emphasized that the revival of the Iran nuclear deal known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) will pave the ground for regional talks on security issues with the participation of all littoral states of the Persian Gulf.

The Persian Gulf region is not far from Russian borders; so, Moscow attaches great significance to the formation of collective security in that region. 

Lavrov also noted that his country will upgrade the Persian Gulf Security Initiative as soon as possible to ask Iran and Arab states of the region to kick off talks on confidence-building.

The Russian authorities believe Washington will spare no effort to hinder any reconciliation between Iran and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf. Moscow, however, calls for holding a conference on the security of the region based on observing mutual respect and recognizing each others' interests in order to create jointly accepted reconciliations.

Russia has a long history of proposing such a collective security initiative. For the first time, Moscow's officials raised the issue in the late 1990s and in the beginning of the 2000s, when the United States was on the verge of invading Iraq, but Russians could not convince the Arab states to support the initiative.

The Russian initiative is very similar to the Hormuz Peace Initiative, which was unveiled by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani at his speech at the Seventy-Fourth United Nations General Assembly gathering in September 2019.

Anton Khlopkov, director of the Center for Energy and Security Studies, said that the initiatives from Russia and Iran to protect security in the Persian Gulf are realistic and can strengthen energy security at the international level.


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