Jun 23, 2021, 1:04 PM
Journalist ID: 1842
News Code: 84379631
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Iran foreign policy's challenges, threats

Tehran, June 23, IRNA – The Iranians held the 13th presidential election and now President-elect Ebrahim Raisi can take over power 45 days after the announcement of final results to encounter threats and challenges ahead.

Although there are different priorities concerning internal affairs, including economy, poverty, discrimination, coronavirus pandemic, cultural development, and Islamic-Iranian culture, the upcoming administration in Iran should face regional and international challenges, because the Islamic Republic is located in a very important region.

The new Iranian administration should encounter the Biden administration in the United States, which tries to preserve pressures on Iran while attempting to return to the signatories to the 2015 nuclear deal.

On the other hand, tension between the Islamic Republic and certain Arab countries, the presence of the Zionist regime in the region, and its relations with certain Arab states, as well as the pull-out of American forces from Afghanistan and the re-emergence of Taliban in the war-ridden country are among the main challenges of the next administration in Iran.

Future of the JCPOA

Despite the fact that some Iranian diplomats have commented on the return of the US to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and the lifting of anti-Iran sanctions, as well as the possibility of reaching consensus on these issues in the last weeks of the 12th administration in Iran, the history of consensus with the United States and its European allies shows that if both sides reach an agreement, hostilities and obstructionism will not come to an end and the 13th administration would face new aspects of the dossier in the future. Interaction with China and Russia in a bid to utilize their differences with the US can be another priority of the next Iranian administration to ensue national interests.

 Improvement of Arab-Iran ties

In the regional arena, the new administration should try to resolve disagreements with Arab and Muslim nations of the Persian Gulf region. The outgoing administration presented Hormuz Peace Endeavor (HOPE) and sent amicable messages to change hostile views of certain regional states. Russia proposed a plan to the UN Security Council to promote regional security arrangements.

Endorsing sustainable peace in Afghanistan

Definitely, holding negotiations with the Afghan government and Taliban representatives and urging them to establish a multiparty governance is another priority of the 13th administration in Iran to enhance security and stability in the neighboring country. If the withdrawal of American military forces from Afghanistan leads to the fall of official government or possible unrest in the neighboring state, the Islamic Republic will face real threat, which may threaten Iranian diplomats and expatriates and increase the number of Afghan refugees in Iran.

Ultra-factional attitude to secure national interests

The next administration in Iran is expected to put aside political struggles and factional rivalries in a bid to prepare a road map to face regional and international challenges.

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