Militarization, securitization of Persian Gulf; threat for Middle East peace

Tehran, May 15, IRNA-The US through intensified military rivalries, increased military presence and intervention, severe economic sanctions, and the formation of military-political alliances and military threats, like last decades, seeks instability in the Persian Gulf and the Middle East, not peace and security.

Various evidence suggests that over the past two decades, the Middle East, in particular the Persian Gulf, has become more instable, insecure, and overwhelmed by internal conflicts. Exacerbation of military rivalries, increased costs of arms purchases, competition to increase the sphere of influence and intervention of foreign countries such as the United States, Britain, France, Russia and Turkey are all signs of this deteriorating situation.

A more serious challenge is the severe policy of sanctioning and isolating by the Trump government against Iran as one of the regional power centers.

Meanwhile, the weakening and destabilization of Iran, which seems to be the main goal of the White House, can broadly drag the Middle East into turbulence in political and security dimensions. The United States, like the past decades, has sought to create insecurity in the Persian Gulf and the Middle East, not in the pursuit of peace and security, but through intensification of military rivalries, increased military presence and intervention, massive economic sanctions, and formation of military-political alliances and military threats.

Security dilemma; exacerbation of competition and military expenditures

The cost of purchasing military weapons by the Persian Gulf states has risen unprecedentedly over the past two decades. The intervention of foreign powers, especially the United States in the region, the invasion of Iraq and its instability, the lack of regional security mechanisms, the struggle of power centers in the Persian Gulf with each other, the internal conflicts of the Arabs and civil wars in Syria, and Yemen is one of the main causes for the Arab countries to buy weapons and military rivalries.

It is said that between 2001 and 2008, these countries have allocated $78 billion, and between 2012 and 2015, $84 billion, a total of $ 162 billion worth of buying military weapons. Washington has exported more than $32 billion worth of weapons to Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates between 2010 and 2017, according to the US Department of Defense. Saudi Arabia with $21 billion, the United Arab Emirates with $5.5 billion, and Kuwait with over $3 billion are ranked first to third in the list. In the same period, Iraq spent $9 billion on arms imports from the United States.

In the Middle East, the import of military weapons grew by 87 percent between 2018-2014 and 2013-2009, and in the 2018-2014 period, 35 percent of the total imports of military equipment from the world were related to the region. At the same period, Saudi Arabia has become the largest arms buyer in the world.

The United States, France, Britain and Russia are the largest suppliers of weapons to the countries of the region. The United States alone has provided 68% of Saudi Arabia's weapons since 2014.

According to political and security analysts, the volume of arms imports and the allocation of oil revenues to military competitions since the end of the Iran-Iraq war is unprecedented and more than likely to make the region susceptible to destabilization. Because military purchases generally do not solve the security issue and the survival of the countries of the region as the most vital need of political units.

US; interfering, destabilizing power

The history of the presence and intervention of the Western countries, especially the United States in the Persian Gulf, dates back to the second half of the twentieth century, and this presence has been ever-increasing and destabilizing ever since. What makes the Persian Gulf the focus of interest and influence of the West is the existence of oil and gas resources.

Along with the importance of oil and its export to the global economy, foreign intervention has increased in the region. According to estimates made by the US Energy Information Agency in July 2017, in 2016 an average of 201.5 million barrels has been transmitted from the Strait of Hormuz daily. This volume accounts for about 20 percent of the total world oil consumption. The global oil and gas economy is largely dependent on oil exports from the Persian Gulf. Even the United States, which severed its dependence on Persian Gulf’s states oil, is largely dependent on the global economic boom which is feeding from the Arabian’ oil.

Through the control and monitoring of the Persian Gulf region, the United States intends to maintain and develop its hegemony in the world.

Iran's sanctions and isolation; expensive, dangerous measure

Since the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the United States has sought to secure its interests through the promotion of the idea of Iranophobia among Middle Eastern Arabs, especially the Arabs of the Persian Gulf. Confronting Iran's influence and power, legitimizing its military presence and influence, depending the countries of the region on Washington, and selling billions of dollars of modern arms and military equipment is one of the goals of the United States.

This process has been exponentially on the agenda since Trump government has been in charge of White House affairs. The United States has put its maximum pressure on Iran since its withdrawal from the Iranian deal. According to Trump, the JCPOA has failed to end interference and power penetration of Iran in the Middle East region. Therefore, the United States intends to surrender to the Islamic Republic of Iran through sanctions and economic sanctions, threats and military subornation, heavy military presence in the Persian Gulf, the launch of psychological war and the formation of a Riyadh-led coalition and alliance with Israel.

Historical experiences in Iran-US relations after the Revolution show that the policy of isolation, sanctions and exclusion of Iran from the political, security and cultural equations of the Middle East, including the Persian Gulf, will be extremely difficult and costly.

Not the US balance of power policy during the eight years of the imposed war, nor Clinton's policy of containment, nor the strategy of the Bush Axis of Evil, nor Barack Obama's international sanctions policy, nor the current Trump maximum pressure policy, is capable of weakening, isolating and changing behavior and the regime change in Iran.

Destabilizing Iran will place a widespread and profound threat to the Middle East. Geopolitical position, wide geography, influence and ideological power, and asymmetric power-based defense capabilities give Iran such an opportunity that it will be costly and difficult to isolate. In particular, the United States has experienced strategic defeats in Iraq and Afghanistan for at least the past decade.


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