May 12, 2019, 5:24 PM
News Code: 83311829
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Russia's support for Iran’s initiative vis-à-vis  JCPOA

Moscow, May 12, IRNA - Following the Iranian initiative in JCPOA, Russia's authorities stressed their strive to convince other members of the deal to fulfill their obligations.

In a letter to the presidents of the remaining states in the JCPOA, including Russia, France, Britain, China and Germany on Wednesday (May 8), Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in response to the breach of the obligations by the United States, elaborated on the measures taken by this country against the international law, and noted that the remaining countries would have 60 days to meet their commitments.

'Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif who had been traveling to Moscow in accordance with the routine consultations between the two countries, in addition to meeting his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov, submitted the letter of President Rouhani to his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, saying that although all the letters contain a similar text, but Iran does differentiate between member states in the JCPOA, and will never forget Russia's support.

At a press conference after a two-hour meeting with Zarif, Lavrov said that his country is looking for a way to cope with unilateral US actions, adding that he would talk with all the members of the JCPOA, except the United States to fulfill their obligations which they promise to act.

Expressing that 'we believe that the US is responsible for the complex conditions after departure from the JCPOA', he said that Iran today informs Moscow of the actions it wants to take and within the framework of JCPOA.

Lavrov states that the balance of positions is very important in JCPOA, saying that with the withdrawal of America, this agreement became very fragile, and Moscow has repeatedly talked with other members over the past year and they said that despite the withdrawal of the US they will remain in it, and “we have also always tried them to fulfill their obligations'.

Russia's senior diplomat also said that Iran's steps in the framework of the JCPOA are not in violation of the UN Security Council resolution, so Russia is committed to its commitment and the relevant Security Council resolution.

The Russian Foreign Ministry elsewhere in his remarks said that the illegal US sanctions would prevent Iranian-Russian trade cooperation. Nevertheless, Moscow and Tehran are looking for new ways to expand their cooperation in the current situation.

Many experts in Russia, in separate interviews with the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA), have criticized the three European Member States, including Britain, Germany and France, for delaying the implementation of the INSTAX, saying that as time goes on, the Europeans become more discredited in Iran's view.

They believe that Iran has now taken the initiative in the JCPOA, and these are the Europeans who must demonstrate their ability to maintain this nuclear deal.

Gregory lukyanov, director of the Centre for Political Science at the Russian Higher School of Economics believes that the European Union has so far declined to provide financial support for Iran (INSTEX) and that it has hit its credibility more than ever.

He pointed out that the upcoming meeting of Iranian representatives and the P5 +1 in Brussels: 'There are issues such as Iran's oil embargo and the use of INSTEX for trade with Iran in terms of sanctions.

He pointed out the upcoming meeting of Iranian representatives and the P4+1 in Brussels, 'In this meeting issues such as Iran's oil sanctions and the use of INSTEX for trade with Iran in time of sanctions are reviewed.”

Answering the question of IRNA about Russia’s approach to the recent conflict between Iran and the US, the director of Center for Energy and Security Studies (CENESS) of Russia Anton Khlopkov although Iran's oil sanctions may share the country's quota among other countries, this will not benefit Moscow, because Kremlin does not want to weaken its strategic partner in the region.

Khlopkov, in an interview with the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) on Thursday, pointed to the US approach towards independent states, and noted, 'Russia must be careful not to accompany US' anti-Iranian plans because the United States wants to confront the great powers who are opposing its polices individually and overcome them.'

The Russian expert, stating that the United States has focused its actions against Iran at this juncture, said that Washington has been struggling to hit the country in several stages, the last one to date, is to abolish Iran's oil exemptions for purchases of eight countries.

The Russian energy expert highlighted, 'It is clear that China and Turkey regard the US oil sanctions as illegal and typical examples of bullying in the international arena, so it is unlikely that they reject it and prevent from implementing and enforcing it.'

'Trump wants to exert pressure on Iran and tell the world that Washington has enough power to punish any country that opposes its policies,' Khlopkov went on to say.

'It is clear that Russia, as the world's largest oil producer, will play an important role in implementing the anti-American plan,' said the director of Center for Energy and Security Studies (CENESS ).

He noted that in addition to increasing pressure on Iran, the United States has pursued its anti-Russian policies and has imposed 65 sanction packages against Russia.

Russian expert added that Trump has focused its efforts on four independent and sovereign countries, including Russia, Iran, China and Venezuela, and a variety of measures against these countries are taking place in the political, military, economic and energy fields.

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