US provoked Iran to withdraw from JCPOA: Pak professor

Islamabad, May 12, IRNA -- A Pakistani scholar says the US decisions against Iran led to provoke the latter to withdraw from some of the JCPOA commitments.

In an interview with IRNA, Dr. Rizwana Abbasi, Associate Professor of International Security, Nuclear non-proliferation at Bahria University said EU countries can play a lead role to repair and evade scraping of the accord, which had numerous positive effects and broader stabilizing impact.

On May 8th, Iran revealed countermeasures to US’ withdrawal from the nuclear deal, removing restrictions on storage of heavy water and enriched uranium, and giving the five remaining parties to JCPOA 60 days before reducing further commitments to the agreement.

Dr. Rizwana Abbasi said by all dimensions, the JCPOA was a comprehensive agreement that Iran signed with the United States and other great powers.

“The accord was the resulting outcome of consistent hard-work and strenuous efforts initiated by President Obama along with his European allies/partners.,” said the expert.

She added this agreement was designed to achieve stabilizing effects by lifting international sanctions on Iran in exchange for limits on its nuclear program.

“A year after US President Donald Trump’s pulling out of the international nuclear accord, Iran has announced to partially withdraw from the JCPOA commitments,” noted Dr Rizwana.

She added tensions heightened in recent weeks when the US following decisions against Iran led to provoke the latter to withdraw from some of the JCPOA commitments.

“Ramping up sanctions against Iran, designation of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps as a terrorist group, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s unannounced visit to Iraq to discuss upsetting trajectory of US-Iranian relations led to provoke Iran to make such an announcement,” the analyst added.

The scholar viewed Tehran perhaps sought active response measures of EU signatory countries to thwart American military pressure and, sanctions on oil sales and banking transactions or Iran would take additional measures.

The expert said Iran’s decision to drop certain voluntary commitments made in the JCPOA accord seems to be alarming for the broader Middle Eastern region.

Dr. Rizwana said the Europeans countries should renegotiate with Iran on conflicting areas in order to fix many of its visible or invisible gaps.

The professor went on to say the priority should be to rescue the JCPOA with or without the US inclusion to mitigate risks and renewed nuclear crisis in a Middle East already in chaos
and disorder.

She added JCPOA necessitates a political and economic commitment by Europe that in turn may convince the Iranian officials to justify restraint in the face of the US’s departure, and facilitate continued EU-Iran constructive dialogue on issues relating to regional stability.

“Europe and Iran can find a way forward to work together to mitigate tensions and political differences,” she said.

The analyst said President Hassan Rouhani has set a 60-day deadline to get relief from punishing sanctions, promising to resume enriching uranium to a higher level than now allowed under the treaty if his demand goes unmet.

“It is an upsetting move for all the players involved, indeed if Iran’s terms are not met within 60 days, it would move to increase ¬uranium enrichment,” she noted.

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