May 9, 2019, 11:11 AM
News Code: 83308444
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Iran gives appropriate response to violators of JCPOA

Tehran, May 9, IRNA - Iran's Supreme National Security Council responded to the violation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action by the US After one year of Tehran's restraint in the face of violations of JCPOA by the other parties' commitments.

Yesterday (May 8th) coincided with the departure of the US from Iran nuclear deal known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) last year; an action contrary to rules and international norms that ultimately faced with Iran's serious and practical response and the Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) in pursuit of safeguarding the security and national interests of the people of Iran and in applying the rights of the Islamic Republic of Iran, ordered to stop some of Iran's actions in JCPOA.

This is the first practical step by Iran to respond to the violators of the JCPOA that exert pressure on Tehran following the US withdrawal of the nuclear deal and the resumption of secondary sanctions. The United States even refused to extend the heavy water transfer to Oman and the exchange of enriched uranium with yellow cake, even after its departure, using the silence of other members of the agreement.

Hence, in a reciprocal measure, the Supreme National Security Council announced the moratorium on the implementation of clauses 26 and 36 of the JCPOA text, which allows Iran to store and maintain heavy water and uranium beyond the limits set forth in the deal.

The clauses stipulate that, in the event of nonperformance by the other party of its obligations, Iran has the right to suspend its obligations in whole or in part.

This is clearly expressed in the text of the statement issued by the Supreme National Security Council of our country, stating that 'the Islamic Republic of Iran does not, at the current stage, commit itself to respecting the limits on the maintenance of enriched uranium reserves and heavy water.'

In addition to suspending some of the commitments, the Supreme National Security Council gave the remaining countries 60 days to fulfill its obligations, especially in the banking and oil sectors. In the next phase, the Islamic Republic of Iran will suspend compliance with the uranium enrichment limits and measures related to the modernization of the Arak heavy water reactor, they were not able to meet the demands of Iran.

Of course, Iran's decision to suspend some of its commitment to the JCPOA was taken after informing the remaining members in the deal. One of Iran's actions was to invite ambassadors of five countries of Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China to the Foreign Ministry and convene a meeting on this matter.

Another Iranian action was to send a letter from President Hassan Rouhani to the leaders of the countries in which he considered the delay on the part of parties in fulfilling their obligations as a reason for reducing Iran's obligations.

Experts believe that such a move by Tehran could have taken place sooner than the current time, so that there would not be any increase in the pressure of the United States in different sectors on Iran.

In this case, the US opportunities to take measures were limited and the time was ripe to offset the consequences of the White House obstruction.

Since January 2015, when the nuclear deal entered the executive phase, Yokiya Amano, Director General of the IAEA, at least released 14 seasonal reports on Iran's nuclear activities, in all of which Tehran's commitment to JCPOA and constructive cooperation with this body of verification, were confirmed; the reports that the other party could not be required to fulfill its obligations.

Of course, the reduction of Iran's commitments does not mean that it will leave the nuclear deal, but it can be a warning to the remaining members who remained silent after the US withdrawal of JCPOA last year.

The European silence on Trump’s withdrawal and the accompany of the Brussels leaders with the White House on missile issues and regional activities in Iran raise the voices of opponents on the JCPOA inside the country to call them as good and bad policemen who have common goals.

Along with the failure of the remaining members, the allegations were raised against the United Nations and the Security Council which have not embarked on the slightest attempt to cope with the avarices of the new US government; the fact that can been in the Supreme Security Council statement.

In a part of its statement, the Supreme National Security Council insisted that 'one year has passed after the US illegal withdrawal of the JCPOA, and violations of the United Nations Security Council resolutions, and that the country with complete bullying and contrary to all known International principles, has reinstated its unilateral and illegal sanctions. This apparent American bullying has unfortunately not faced any appropriate action by the Security Council or the remaining members of the JCPOA. '

In sum, Iran's strategic restraint does not make Tehran overlook national interests despite the non- commitment of the other side. Now, with a six-month deadline, the ball is in the court of China and Russia, as well as the European troika, to review their obligations prior to witnessing the collapse of the nuclear deal; an achievement that has been negotiated for more than a decade.

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