May 9, 2019, 10:29 AM
News Code: 83308384
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US’ gradual steps to force Iran embrace extremism

Tehran, May 9, IRNA - The numerous failures of the US officials to force Iran withdrawal from JCPOA, led themselves to withdraw from the nuclear deal, and with targeted anti-Iranians have taken every step to push Tehran to embrace extremism.

In the days leading to May 8 and the anniversary of the withdrawal of the US from the JCPOA, the relationship between Tehran and Washington has increasingly worsened. Last year, in the same days, despite international opposition, US President Donald Trump officially left the 2015 nuclear deal.

The withdrawal of the United States has left the White House open to take unproductive and anti-Iranian measures that have been progressing so far in gradual manners.

Trump's first action was the restoration of first round of unilateral US sanctions that entered the executive phase from the beginning of June, targeting dollars, rials, gold and precious metals, as well as car industry and aircraft sales.

Following the policy of maximum pressure on Iran, in the start of November, the second round of sanctions was implemented, which this time targeted the oil industry, banking, shipping, insurance, and energy sectors of Iran.

At that stage, the United States considered exemptions for the eight major oil purchasers of Iran, including Japan, India, South Korea, China, Turkey, Taiwan, Italy and Greece.

According to observers, exemptions were granted to some Iranian oil buyers for several reasons: international pressure on the US, as well as the opportunity to replace Iran's oil and so on.

Eventually, in the last few days, with the end of the oil exemptions, Trump avoided its extension, which would be an important step in pursuing a policy of cutting oil exports of Iran to zero, a policy that Iran's oil buyers have not yet accept. Some see the bilateral trade relations with Tehran as unrelated to the domestic policy of the United States and related to the avarice of Trump, and some are continuing consultants on the exemption.

According to observers, pushing Iran to extreme and unbridled action is one of the most important reasons for the gradual and sustained pressure of the United States. In this regard, Heshmatullah Falahatpisheh, chairman of the National Security and Foreign Policy Commission of the Iranian Parliament recently pointed to the American pressure on Iran and the eight-thousand types of sanctions of the United States, and emphasized that 'Washington's goal of imposing new nuclear sanctions against Tehran is to force the Islamic Republic to embrace extreme measures'.

The next step of the United States to exert pressure on Tehran was to include the name of the IRGC in the list of terrorist organizations with the aim of pushing the Islamic Republic to take extreme actions. The news has been released that the USS Abraham Lincoln air craft carrier arrived in the Persian Gulf.

Although, given the current situation, experts believe the military confrontation between Iran and the United States is unlikely, but undoubtedly, this US action is also the continuation of the same policy of maximum pressure on Iran. Apparently, White House officials such as John Burton, the hardline senior advisor of Trump, have also acknowledged that the purpose of this action is to warn Iran rather than military confrontation.

The next step of the United States was to force Iran to withdraw from JCPOA, with a clear breach of various clauses in the nuclear deal. A few days ago, AFP reported Trump’s sanctions on Iran's peaceful nuclear activities. The United States has renewed Iran's nuclear-related exemptions for the European Union, China and Russia, but has avoided extending the heavy water transfer to Oman and the exchange of uranium enriched with yellow cake; an illegal move that is continuation of exerting maximum pressure on Iran.

After this news release, the Iranian authorities reacted to it. Ali Larijani, the speaker of the Parliament said that Iran could, as a matter of course, produce heavy water, and did not violate any commitment under this agreement. So we do the enrichment whether you want to buy or not.

Iran, which has so far adhered to the provisions of the JCPOA, has now decided to take reciprocal measure and is attempting to legally refrain from carrying out some of its obligations by relying on a number of specific clauses, including paragraphs 26 and 36.

In accordance with clause 26, in the event of nonperformance by the other party, Iran has the right to suspend its obligations in whole or in part.

“If Iran believed that any or all of the E3/EU+3 were not meeting their commitments under this JCPOA, Iran could refer the issue to the Joint Commission for resolution; if the complaining participant deems the issue to constitute significant non-performance, then that participant could treat the unresolved issue as grounds to cease performing its commitments under this JCPOA in whole or in part and/or notify the UN Security Council that it believes the issue constitutes significant non-performance,” the JCPOA text specified.

This does not mean Iran's withdrawal from the JCPOA or not adherence to the stipulated commitments in the nuclear, but rather actions that are being taken in response to the lack of commitment by the other sides; an agreement that the United States has obviously abandoned and is blocking its implementation while European countries are also failing to meet their commitments.

Although some news sources were assessing the resumption of nuclear activities and withdrawal from NPT, among Iran's retaliatory measures and reciprocity, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani made the remarks in his cabinet session on the first anniversary of the US unilateral withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

'We have never been the first to violate the commitments or to wage wars, but at the same time we have never surrendered to bullying and will not do so, and we will certainly give appropriate response to any kind aggression,' President Rouhani said.

'Today we announced to the friendly countries and the five remaining signatories to the nuclear deal that we are ready for negotiations within the very framework of the JCPOA, neither a word more nor less.'


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