Jan 21, 2018, 2:45 PM
News Code: 82803120
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Iran nuclear deal 'not broken': US expert

New York, Jan 21, IRNA – The Iran nuclear deal is not broken, Executive Director of the washington-based Arms Control Association (ACA) told IRNA.

'The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is not broken and doesn't need to be fixed,' said Daryl G. Kimball on Sunday referring to the deal reached between Iran and six world powers in July 2015.

'President Trump's four demands are nonstarters; what he is basically proposing are for Congress to be prepared to re-impose the nuclear related sanctions that have been waived under the JCPOA, at any point in the future if Iran exceeds the nuclear restrictions set forth through the JCPOA, some of which are due to expire over 8, 10, 13, 15, 20 years.'

'So, in essence, he is demanding a unilateral renegotiation of the JCPOA that requires additional restrictions on Iran without additional sanctions relief on the part of the US or others.'

'I'm confident that most members of the US Senate will understand that these are unrealistic demands and those European partners of the JCPOA, the Russians and the Chinese and the vast majority of the world's nations will recognize that the United States cannot expect to unilaterally renegotiate the JCPOA under the threat of re-imposition of the nuclear related sanctions,' he said.

'If the Trump administration, the United States' European partners and Iran wish to, they could discuss future arrangements in addition to the JCPOA over time. But that requires careful and deliberate consultations on a range of issues. In order to make anything like that possible, the US and the EU and Iran all need to support the implementation of the JCPOA, as it is.'

He also said that if Trump follows through on his threats to withdraw the US from the deal and re-impose the nuclear sanctions on Iran, other countries may also be affected.

The question is 'How do they respond to any such action by the US?' he added. 'The answer to this question will determine whether the JCPOA survives, whether Iran will continue to enjoy the benefits of the additional financial and commercial investment that is occurring following the implementation of the JCPOA or not.'

Kimball also said that the four demanded amendments of the US president had already been addressed in the JCPOA and 'that's why the Trump's administration critique of the JCPOA is flawed'.

'First, on the inspection issue, Trump says Congress must demand that Iran allow immediate inspections at all sites requested by international inspectors. Under the JCOPOA, nuclear activities in Iran are subject to continuous monitoring and verification. And the IAEA has the authority to have timely access to any site in Iran, military or civilian that it believes may be engaged in noncompliant activities.'

'The IAEA has said in recent weeks that it has achieved all of the access that it believes necessary,' he added.

'The other thing is Iran cannot deny, without reason, IAEA access, but, at the same time, the IAEA cannot seek access without providing some reason; in other words, the IAEA cannot be on an open-ended inspection tour of any and all Iranian sites, but at the same time Iran needs to provide the transparency to the IAEA necessary for it to do its job.'

Therefore, the ACA director said, this issue has been 'addressed in the JCPOA in great detail'.

'The other issue that the Trump administration said has to be addressed by the Congress is it must ensure that Iran never comes close to possessing a nuclear weapon; and unlike the JCPOA, these provisions must not have expiration dates.'

'Trump is demanding that Congress unilaterally address an issue that US, Iranian, French, German, British, Russian, Chinese and EU negotiators were trying to resolve for months and months of negotiations about how long the nuclear restrictions would apply on Iran and how long it would take Iran to clear its file to resolve all the questions about its past nuclear activities and the purpose of the program for the IAEA,' Kimball said.

He said that a specific and complex formula was agreed upon for the restrictions and it is 'unrealistic for Trump to expect Congress to somehow make these requirements last indefinitely'.

Director of the Arms Control Association added that all the JCPOA partners 'should at some point have discussions what can and should happen after those nuclear restrictions expire, but that's a separate discussion that might lead to separate set of arrangement that may involve additional countries in the Middle East.'

He said that the conversation should be built upon the JCOPA but not change the JCPOA itself.

Saying that is almost impossible for the Congress to come up with a formula to cover what Trump wanted, he dealt with the economic outcomes of the deal and said that although Trump's policies had made it difficult for Iran to use the economic benefits of the deal, if not for the JCPOA, Airbus and Total wouldn't have signed contracts with Iran to, respectively, sell planes to Iran and invest in its natural gas sector.

Without the JCPOA, he said, 'we would have seen increasing tensions between international community and Iran about the course of its nuclear program.'

The tensions might have, rightly or wrongly, resulted in military conflict; 'one important benefit of the JCPOA is that it has essentially taken that issue off the table and it allows people in and out of Iran, to focus on the other issues that concern the Iranian people or concern the people in the region as a whole.'

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