Jan 13, 2018, 9:57 PM
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Indian analyst urges world to safeguard JCPOA as 'historic deal'

New Delhi, Jan 13, IRNA - An Indian independent journalist and university professor Qamar Aqa urged the world to try to keep the nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers untouched as it is an effective and historic deal between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the world.

Talking to IRNA in an exclusive interview on Saturday, Aqa said that the nuclear deal has reduced tension in the region and been hailed by the international community. Iran has adhered to its commitments to the agreement in letter and spirit. The International community also verified Iran’s commitment. So now no country can blame Iran for violating the deal except for a few countries like Saudi Arabia and the Zionist regime.

Emphasizing Iran's right to pursue peaceful nuclear program, the scholar noted that 'Iran is a signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty so it has the right to make use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes . Iran hasn't violated any agreement even before and after the nuclear deal. Iran has all the right to have peaceful nuclear activities including generation of electricity and in medical or other areas. All the nuclear installations in Iran are under supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Elaborating on reasons why the US is putting pressure on Iran, he said 'Some countries of the region like Saudi Arabia don't want to see Iran as a powerful country. Iran is self-reliant and has achieved so many goals because they (Iranians) rely on themselves but other regional countries remain totally dependent on western powers in the security or economic domains.'

He said 'Iran is the only country in the region believing in self reliance and Indigenous development and has emerged as a power in the region. This country has achieved success in a number of fields like nanotechnology, space technology, peaceful nuclear technology and is one of the fastest developing nations in the region and the world. Iran is the only country which is emphasizing cooperation among regional countries so they can also attain development. Iran is the only nation in the region enjoying democracy. This Islamic democracy is considered by other countries of the region as a threat to their feudal and tribal structures and Iran is the one country which is not so much dependent on oil resources and has alternative sources of revenues through its industrial infrastructure.'

Pointing to America’s aggressive move to kill Iran’s nuclear accord, Aqa said: 'The US administration is divided on Iranian nuclear deal. Conservative groups did not want this agreement to be signed. US had a policy of regime change but Obama and other establishments realized Iran is too powerful and so regime change is not possible there. Besides Iran’s geo-political location is very important for Europe and other countries. Iran is the gateway to Central Asia which is rich in oil resources. But the Jewish lobby is very strong and when Trump came to power, the conservatives and Jewish lobby extremely influenced him. Now Trump is trying to revive the policy of regime change in Iran.

On the possibility of a confrontation between Iran and the US, the Indian journalist said : America cannot attack Iran simply because it not in a position to attack another country. They have lost seven trillion dollars in Iraq and Afghanistan; American economy is still very weak. We have seen it in the case of North Korea they made lots of threats but could not implement them. But the game plan is to use the Zionist regime and other countries to target Iran and other groups like Hezbollah, create problems for Syria and ensure that Iran does not get support in Iraq or Yemen. America wants Israel to play greater role. They are afraid of Iran.

On impact of re-imposing sanctions by US against Iran, he noted: 'Any new sanctions against Iran would be against the international law. Iran and other European countries have signed an agreement and it was endorsed by the United Nations' Security Council. New sanctions would bring differences between America and its traditional western allies. Europeans know that Iran has not violated the agreement. Thus re-imposing sanctions is not also in the interest of America. The current American administration is ruthless in implementing its policies. It is anti-Islamic which can be seen through travel ban on some Islamic countries. Imposing new sanctions would be a great mistake o the part of the US because it will isolate itself and lose its prestige and reliability among other nations.'

Commenting on Iran’s possible reaction to new US sanctions, the professor said : 'Iran should preserve its relations with the European Union. For Europe Iran is very important. Europe is interested in closer ties with Iran but due to American pressure European states could not come closer to Tehran. Europe needs Iran’s oil and gas. Iran is very well connected through pipelines running from Turkey to Europe. Europe wants to reduce dependence on Russian energy. Iran also offers a big market for European products. Iranian economy is one of the robust and the biggest economies in the Middle East. Tehran’s influence in Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Lebanon is very important for European countries.'

He believed ' Americans think they can change regimes as they did so in Iraq and Libya. But they were unable to install pro- American regimes in these countries. In Syria also they have failed. Western European powers have come to realize that they should continue with their current policies. Now they know they should not depend too much on Americans. ISIS and other terrorist groups are the result of failed American policies in the region and Europeans know this.'

US President Donald Trump, who had said his administration would decertify the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran, decided on Friday to extend the sanctions waiver to the country for the third time as a part of the landmark deal officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

He claimed that this is the 'last time' that he certified the JCPOA unless the amendments that he had mentioned earlier be included to the landmark nuclear deal.

Trump set four conditions upon which he will be open to working with Congress on bipartisan legislation regarding Iran.

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