Jan 19, 2014, 12:05 AM
News Code: 81001275
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Rohani felicitates Prophet’s birth anniversary to heads of states

Tehran, Jan 18, IRNA – President Hassan Rohani in separate messages addressed to heads of Islamic countries, congratulated the auspicious birth anniversary of Prophet Muhammad (P) to them, the Islamic governments, and the Muslim nations.

In the messages forwarded to the Islamic heads of states on Saturday President Rohani has in his message congratulated the auspicious birth anniversary of “the prophet of kindness and the manifestation of blessings” to the Islamic heads of states and Muslim nations.

“The Seal of Prophethood (P), the caller for tolerance, brotherhood and equality, with his exalted and resolute guidance in (the course of performing) his prophecy, said ‘I was appointed as prophet to complete the ethical traits’, and he was the entire human beings’ guide towards living more blessed lives in a world abundant in peace and compromise, and devoid of extremism,” Rohani said in his message.

President Rohani has also expressed hope in the message that by sticking to the teachings of the Glorious Qur’an and that grand Prophets’ lifestyle and the precious Islamic teachings more than ever before, we would be witnesses to the evermore unity and brotherhood of the Islamic Ummah (nation), and the exaltation and perfection of the mankind.

The Iranian president has ended his message with the hope for good health, wellbeing, and prosperity for the Muslim nations.

Aboqasem Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Mutalleb ibn Hashim (c. 570 – c. 8 June 632), also transliterated as Prophet Muhammad, was a man from Mecca who unified the Arabian Peninsula into a single religious polity under Islam.

He is believed by the world Muslims to be a messenger and prophet of the Almighty Allah (God). Prophet Muhammad (P) is universally considered by world Muslims as the last prophet sent by God for mankind. While non-Muslims regard Prophet Muhammad (P) to have been the founder of Islam, Muslims consider him to have been the restorer of an unaltered original monotheistic faith of prophets Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets peace be upon them all.

Due to his activities as a social reformer, diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, military leader, and philanthropist, Michael H. Hart described him as the most influential human in history.

Born in about 570 CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, the Grand Prophet Muhammad (P) was orphaned at an early age and brought up under the care of his uncle Abu Talib. He later worked mostly as a merchant, as well as a shepherd, and was first married by age 25.

Being in the habit of periodically retreating to a cave in the surrounding mountains for several nights of seclusion and prayer, he later reported that it was there, at age 40, that he received his first revelation from God. Three years after this event Muhammad (P) started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that 'God is One', that complete 'surrender' to Him is the only way acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and Messenger of God (P), in the same vein as the other authentic prophets of God.

Prophet Muhammad gained few followers early on, and was met with hostility from some Meccan tribes. To escape persecution, Prophet Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia before he and his followers in Mecca migrated to Medina (then known as Yathrib) in the year 622.

This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, which is also known as the Hijri Calendar. In Medina, Prophet Muhammad (P) united the tribes under the Constitution of Medina. After eight years of fighting with the Meccan tribes, his followers, who by then had grown to 10,000, took control of Mecca in the largely peaceful Conquest of Mecca.

He destroyed the pagan idols in the city and then sent his followers out to destroy all of the remaining pagan temples in Eastern Arabia. In 632, a few months after returning to Medina from The Farewell Pilgrimage, Muhammad (P) fell ill and passed away. By the time of his sad demise, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam, and he had united Arabia into a single Muslim religious polity.

The revelations— which Prophet Muhammad (P) reported receiving until his death – form the verses of the Quran, are regarded by Muslims as the 'Word of God' and around them the religion is based. Besides the Quran, Muhammad's life (Sira) and traditions (Sunnah) are also upheld by Muslims as the sources of the Islamic jurisprudence (Shari’aa). They refer to Prophet Muhammad (P) and other true prophets of God with high reverence, adding the phrase peace are upon him whenever their names are mentioned. While conceptions of Muhammad in medieval Christendom and pre-modern times were largely negative, appraisals in modern history have been far less so.

Courtesy: Wikipedia for the background