Oct 8, 2013, 10:40 PM
News Code: 80851662
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US considers Iran’s presence in Geneva II positive, conditionally

Tehran, Oct 8, IRNA – US State Department Deputy Spokesperson Merie Harf said on Tuesday that US would welcome Iran's participation in Geneva II conference if Tehran supported Geneva communiqué.

Geneva communiqué that the American official referred to calls for the formation of a transitional government in Syria.

The US accuses Iran of supporting President Bashar Al-Assad's regime during more than two-year war, which has so far claimed the lives of more than 100,000 people, while Iran accuses the US and such regional reactionary governments as Saudi Arabia and Qatar of supporting the al-Qaeda, al-Shabab and other terrorist groups that fight against the Syrian civilians for establishment of an uncertain future for their country.

The Geneva communiqué was issued on June 30, 2012 during the Geneva I conference and charts a path to reach a diplomatic solution to the conflict. The statement was approved by the US, Russia, the Persian Gulf States and Iraq. However, Iran never approved the statement because it was not invited to attend the talks.

Russia and the US agreed in May to hold a Geneva II conference to implement the statement, which calls for a transitional government to be formed in Syria. According to the statement, the government in Damascus and the opposition will choose the transitional government, a move that effectively excludes the option of President Assad remaining in power, according to the US. However, the statement does not clearly state that. Iran, which favors a peaceful solution to the Syrian crisis, believes that the people of Syria, and not the outsiders, should decide the future fate of their country, in a free and fair election.

US Secretary of State John Kerry originally hoped that the conference might be held in November, but international diplomatic efforts have recently focused full attention on dismantling Syria's chemical weapons arsenal following a chemical attack using sarin gas on August 21, which reportedly killed more than 1,000 people.

On Iran's role in the conflict, Harf further explained the US position: 'We've been clear, multiple times,… that any party that is included in Geneva II must accept and publicly support the Geneva communiqué.' She added, “If, and this is an if, Iran were to endorse and embrace the Geneva communiqué publicly, (then) we would view the possibility of their participation more openly,' later on phrasing the latter as more 'favorably.

Russia, too, like Iran, is opposed to a foreign-fabricated solution for the Syrian crisis, believing that a free and democratic election in which the entire opponents and proponents of the current Syria government would have candidates could decide the future fate of Syria.

The Syrian government, too, has many times announced that if the ongoing military engagements would come to an end and the situation for holding an election would be provided, it would hold the presidential election in the year 2014.

More than two years of bloody war has left hundreds of thousands dead and millions homeless, while the Arab country's entire infrastructures are either destroyed, or mostly damaged.