Jul 6, 2014, 7:46 PM
News Code: 2720445
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The ball is in P5+1 court

Tehran, July 6, IRNA -- A new round of negotiations began in Vienna on Wednesday between Iran and five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany, known as the P5+1, on Tehran's nuclear energy program.

Monday edition of the English language newspaper Iran Daily wrote that it appears to be the most difficult round of marathon talks. The most important issue is to work out a formula upon which both sides, Iran and the United States in particular, agree in order to settle an issue which has unduly remained unsolved for more than a decade.

The current meeting marks the last round of talks before the July 20 deadline set under the terms of an interim accord signed in Geneva on November 24. There are several points worthy of mention about the ongoing talks:

A review of remarks by P5+1 officials about the process of the talks suggests that negotiations are being held in a positive and progressive atmosphere despite profound disagreements. The meetings are conducted behind closed doors amid tight security in Vienna in order to block any leak of information. This will prevent those who are against a comprehensive deal that ends the dispute over Iran nuclear activities from sabotaging the talks.

The negotiating teams have not returned home for consultations with their superiors about what has so far discussed. This could be positive indication that talks are taking in its natural course.

The other side used to make excessive, unreasonable and unrealistic demands at the negotiating table but now it seems both Iran and the P5+1 are resolute to achieve a comprehensive solution. Even the Chinese delegation has become more dynamic than it was in the past.

One of the major problems that is negatively affecting nuclear talks is the lack of a general consensus among delegations representing the six world powers. Each country has its own approach to the issue and looks at nuclear negotiations from its own viewpoint. These differences of opinion within the P5+1 have posed a challenge in the talks.

The P5+1 has politicized the issue of Iran's nuclear energy program and even made it a matter of life and death. They have set a series of redlines which grossly violate the international law and seeks to limit Iran within their own framework. But if they take a simple and easy decision to recognize Iran's right to peaceful nuclear energy as laid down in the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and avoid double standards and discriminatory stance against Iran, the standoff will easily be obviated.

Iran has so far acted responsibly to address the West's concerns about its nuclear drive. For instance, it has fully cooperated with inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency. Now Iran, in return, expects the other side to act properly and take serious steps to solve the nuclear issue. Now the ball is in the court of the P5+1 group of countries and they should take up the opportunity since such golden opportunities will hardly come again. If this one is lost, no one know when another one would come.